Due to the nature of hepatitis, diet should be ensured during treatment, as well as rehabilitation of liver function. This article refers to the diet for hepatitis adults.
Hepatitis B is a disease that attacks the liver. The disease is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). When infected, hepatitis b can be divided into several types: acute, chronic or persistent. Depending on each type, there are characteristics, but they all have common symptoms of low fever, feeling very tired, do not want to eat and drink, there may be digestive disorders, when eating, feeling indigestion, passing loose stools , ragged.
Principles of demand: energy is 25kcal / kg body weight / day, protid 0.4 – 0.6 g / kg body weight / day, lipid from 10 – 15% of total energy, eat from 6 to 8 meals /day. About the structure of ration: the energy needs from 1,300 – 1,400kcal / day, the amount of protid from 20 – 30g, lipid from 15-20 – glucid 250 – 280g, water from 2 – 2,5 liters.
Principles of demand: energy is 35kcal / kg body weight / day, protid 1 – 1.5g / kg body weight / day, lipid from 15 – 20% of total energy, eat from 3-4 meals / day . On the structure of rations: energy needs from 1,800 – 2,000 kcal / day, protid amount from 50 – 75g, lipid from 30 – 40g, glucid 310 – 340g, water from 1,5 – 2,0liter.
Because of liver damage, patients with anorexia, indigestion, so the amount of food is small but the quality of nutrients is enough to meet the needs of the patient. Patients should eat protein-rich foods (fish, eggs, milk …), sugar and vitamins such as fresh fruits, yogurt …; minimize fatty foods, including stir-fried and fried foods; absolute abstinence of alcohol; ensure food safety and hygiene to prevent food poisoning; When preparing food to cook thoroughly, easy to eat and digest, eat many meals a day. Limit foods that are too nutritious, so eat less meat.
The main foods suitable for patients with viral hepatitis are wheat flour, rice, soybeans, black beans, chickpeas … to maintain the necessary energy (cooking can be cooked as a paste, or pureed. …). Need to supplement vitamins with vegetables – fruits rich in vitamins in meals such as gourds, squash, tomatoes, cabbage, oranges, tangerines, apples …
Do not eat foods that are oily, greasy, fried foods and high-fat nuts such as peanuts, sesame … these foods interfere with fat metabolism, causing fat accumulation. in the liver.
Limit irritating spicy foods such as chili, pepper, mustard powder, garlic, and ginger. Do not drink alcohol or beer because of alcoholic beverages.