Calcium plays a very important role during pregnancy. Lack of calcium not only results in severe fetal damage, but also seriously impaired maternal health. So pregnant women lacking calcium have any signs?
Calcium helps the body form strong bones and teeth, ensuring proper nerve function and blood clotting. When calcium deficiency, pregnant women will be able to appear some abnormal manifestations such as:
As the pregnancy gets bigger, the weight of the fetus makes the pregnant woman feel very sore in the back. If pregnant women feel too painful, they should see a doctor, avoid calcium deficiency or related kidney diseases such as stones, inflammation, fluid retention.
Back pain during pregnancy due to calcium deficiency in pregnant women is common, when pregnant mothers do not provide enough calcium for babies to eat and drink, forcing the mother’s body to balance itself by taking calcium from maternal bones provided. Babies lead to back pain, osteoporosis ..
Lack of calcium is the cause of insomnia, fatigue and excessive anxiety in pregnant women. When the body is more susceptible to fatigue than normal, it is a sign that pregnant women need to add calcium in their diet every day.
Numbness in hands and feet
From the 5-6 month until the end of pregnancy, pregnant women often meet the situation of numb limbs. The reason is that when the fetus grows, the woman also gains weight, the fetus compresses blood vessels, making the blood circulation become difficult, so the limbs are easily numb. However, be careful because this is a sign of calcium deficiency in pregnant women.
Yellow teeth, easy to wiggle
Without calcium, you will feel that your teeth are not as strong as before because the main component that makes up the teeth is calcium. If your teeth show signs of yellowing, wiggling, and frequent toothache, see your doctor for advice and check.
Muscular aches and cramps
Pregnant women who experience pain in the thighs, calves, feet or suffer from numbness in the legs, cramps during sleep, especially at night, should immediately seek medical attention and supplement of calcium nano deficiency in the muscles. mother and baby form.
Constriction in the face and hands
Too low a calcium or calcium causes muscle contraction, causing the mother’s hand to cower or tremble. This is a clear sign that mothers need to get more calcium immediately.
Calcium requirements during pregnancy are higher than you think
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends that pregnant and lactating mothers age 19 and older consume 1,000 mg of calcium daily.
For teenage mothers, the demand for calcium is greater. They need enough calcium for fetal bone development and store calcium in their bodies to support the baby’s development. Therefore, experts recommend that adolescents aged 18 and younger need at least 1300 mg of calcium daily. Average calcium needs for pregnant women fluctuate: 1000 – 1500 mg of elemental calcium.
However, calcium needs of each pregnant woman are often different, depending on the condition, conditions of calcium absorption of each person.
The consequences can happen to the fetus when pregnant women do not get enough calcium
- Malnutrition while still in the womb
- Be born premature
- Congenital rickets, deformed bones cause deformities
- Reduce birth length …
If the mother is not getting enough calcium every day, the fetus will take that calcium from the body’s own bones, but this calcium is not enough.
However, excessive intake of calcium can cause: constipation, kidney stones, affecting the absorption of iron and zinc. Therefore, adequate and proper calcium supplementation during pregnancy is essential.
How to supplement calcium for pregnant women is deficient
First 3 months: Mother needs to supplement about 50mg of calcium daily. Thus, in the first 3 months, pregnant women need about 800mg of calcium. According to the recommended amount of calcium, pregnant women just need to drink 1-2 glasses of milk is enough calcium needs the body needs in early pregnancy.
Mid 3 months: From this 13th to 26th week of pregnancy, pregnant women need to provide more calcium for the fetus to develop skeletal system, to prevent the risk of bone malformations. At this stage, pregnant women need to be supplemented with about 1200mg of calcium. In addition to supplementing with calcium through food, obstetricians also advise pregnant women to sunbathe to improve the rate of calcium absorption.
The last 3 months: the last 3 months is the period when the fetus starts to stabilize, every day the mother needs to meet 150 to 450mg of calcium. This amount of calcium will ensure the development of the fetus, prevent the risk of rickets, dwarfs, growth retardation.
Above are the manifestations of calcium deficiency as well as effective calcium supplements for pregnant women. Hope mom will have a healthy and happy pregnancy.