The process of pregnancy is the period during which a woman will undergo a lot of changes in psychological and physical state. Due to changes in the hormones or immune system during pregnancy and the growth of the uterus according to the development of the fetus in the first months, the skin of the pregnant mother is stretched, dry with problems. dermatological problems such as hives, itchy rashes, itching and discomfort.
Pruritus is a medical term for a discomfort in the skin, or a symptom of a skin lesion that leads to scratching. Some women find the palms and soles red and itchy, while others experience itching with signs of a full body rash, excessive stretch marks that cause itching patches on the abdomen, chest, buttocks, thighs … (the last months of pregnancy). This is a common symptom in 40% of women during pregnancy and usually disappears after childbirth. However, pruritus can also be a long-lasting dermatological condition, and it does not exclude cholestasis in the liver (cholestasis of pregnancy), which causes bile to not circulate normally in the small tubes of the liver, Bile salts build up in the skin, causing “itching” the whole body. This condition does not cause rashes, but it causes the skin to be red, painful with small cuts in the skin that is rubbed a lot because of itching, affecting the health of the pregnant mother and the development of the fetus.
Itching due to dryness and stretch marks usually does not require special treatment. 5 tips to help you prevent or improve the uncomfortable feeling of itching
1. Don’t scratch much
Abdominal itching is often explained by the increase in estrogen hormones. Moreover, when the fetus grows and the body gains weight, the skin of the abdomen, thighs, breasts … crack, causing itchy discomfort. However, if scratching, scratching on the abdomen can cause sequelae, leaving scars and spreading stretch marks, so pregnant women should cut their nails short to avoid unconscious scratching.
In addition, use a cool towel or a warm towel to apply to the itchy skin to feel better, you can also use an ice pack to apply it longer and more effectively.
2. Keep clean
Avoid long, hot showers under the shower. Hot water dries out the skin and aggravates the itchiness. Bathe with warm water and use a soft, soft sponge to gently rub the entire body. Shower gel should choose a moderate pH, no irritation (suitable for sensitive skin). It is possible to bathe with warm water without shower gel. If you use four baths, it is advisable to add oat water or baking soda (bicarbonate de soude) in the bath. This is effective for soothing the itching, but long baths should be avoided. These “tips” work to improve itchy skin during pregnancy.
– Drink plenty of water every day, regularly massage the skin gently or steam: This method also helps prevent the
dry skin, eliminating excess sebum, making pores become clear
– The diet provides a sufficient quality, it is best to follow the menu to follow the nutritional tower, especially should pay attention to eat more foods rich in vitamins A and D (sea fish, cod liver oil, dairy products …), linoleic acid (linseed oil, primrose oil, sardines …), in addition to olive oil, nuts, walnuts are also essential for pregnant women.
4. Moisturizing and anti-stretch marks
Moisturizing and anti-stretch marks with gels or essential oils extracted from natural ingredients such as coconut oil, almonds, sunflower, …. For the abdomen, you should apply (rub) the cream gently, to avoid stimulation of uterine contractions. Avoid soaps or skin care products that contain high levels of soude, which can cause irritation that can increase itching. Should keep the genital area always dry, clean. If you want to use a feminine hygiene solution, you should choose one suitable for pregnant women and should not be abused because they can change the natural pH environment of the “little girl”.
5. Regular exercise
Regular exercise with gentle movements to circulate blood. Wear breathable clothing made of natural fibers like cotton and light colors. Avoid going outside in the sun or in hot places and don’t forget to apply sunscreen to prevent dark spots on your skin. Foot bath every night before going to bed with diluted salt water or green tea, betel leaf water …, is also a good method. Also avoid contact with old, dusty items that may cause itching.
Signs should go to health facilities
Most cases of pruritus during pregnancy are safe for the health of the mother and baby. The only inconvenience of pruritus in pregnant mothers is to affect aesthetic factors and difficulty in daily activities. However, to protect the health of both mother and baby, there are some signs of “itchy” illnesses that need to be examined and treated as prescribed by a doctor:
– Itching all over the body accompanied by signs of jaundice: you may be suffering from poor circulation.
– Rash and fever: symptoms of chicken pox, herpes …
– Itching associated with skin lesions: eczema, psoriasis …
– Itching accompanied by signs of “little girl” burning: “little girl” yeast infection or other sexually transmitted diseases.