Newborn birthmarks are areas of skin that discolor after birth or appear several months after birth. More than 80% of babies have birthmarks. Everyone loves having smooth skin like a baby’s skin, but not every baby is born with flawless skin. There are many babies born with erythema or birthmarks already. But even if they have erythema or birthmarks that settle on their delicate skin, these hated friends won’t harm the beauty and love that parents give to adorable angels. Newborn birthmarks are areas of skin that discolor after birth or appear several months after birth. Up to 80% of newborn babies have birthmarks. Some birthmarks develop with the baby for life while others will disappear over time. Body birthmarks can be divided into two categories: less blood vessels and less pigmentation.
Differentiate types of birthmarks in infants Vascular Drops:
Salmon Patches also known as Stork bites. These marks are light pink or dark in color and usually appear on the bridge of the nose, below the forehead, upper eyelids, behind the head and on the neck.
These marks are more common in babies with fair skin. People often refer to them as “angel kisses” that. Usually they disappear by the time your baby is a few months old.
Capillary Hemangiomas, also known as strawberry birthmarks, are caused by abnormal blood vessels located close to the skin’s surface. It is usually found in the head, neck, and torso and grows very rapidly during the first year of life. It then shrinks and almost disappears by the time the child reaches school age without any treatment.
Vascular tumors usually affect about 2% of babies and are common in girls and twins. Most of these birthmarks go away on their own after a few days or weeks.
Port Wine Stain, on the other hand, are often seen with an irregular shape, flat and wide with purple or dark red. The reason is that the blood vessels are concentrated under the skin. Most of these birthmarks do not affect the baby when growing up except for cosmetic problems. This infant red birthmark does not go away on its own, but needs to be examined and treated with laser surgery with medical intervention.
In the event that the baby has this birthmark above the eyelids or on the forehead, parents should have the baby go to a doctor to check if the child has Sturge-Weber symptoms (abnormality of the blood vessels in the cerebral cortex and the effects one side of the brain) or glaucoma (glaucoma).
Mongolian Spots. They come in different sizes and flat like skin. But they are brown, gray, even green, like a bruise on the skin. Often they will go away on their own before school age and require no medical intervention.
Pustular Melanosis. Your baby will be a bit uncomfortable compared to the birthmarks mentioned above. The small blisters will burst and dry up within a few days. They leave dark spots like freckles, but don’t worry if your baby accidentally catches them because these marks will disappear after a few weeks.
This can be a symptom of a baby’s prenatal rash. Although they are basically harmless, parents should take their baby to a medical facility for an examination to avoid skin infections.
Milia also often appears on the skin of babies, it is small white or yellow spots secreted by the skin glands that usually appear on the cheeks, chin and tip of the nose.
Heat rash or heat spikes (Miliaria) usually occurs in hot and humid climates or when babies are overly dressed and wrapped in a blanket, causing heat.
Erythema Toxicum, also known as “Etox”, is more common in newborn babies.
Another birthmark in newborn babies is moles that usually appear after birth and 1 in every 100 babies will. They grow with the baby’s condition and cause no harm.
Almost everyone has moles during different stages of their life. However, although very rare, there are cases where the mole develops into a form of skin cancer (malignant tumor).
What you need to do is follow up, not too worried. Only when there is a change in color or size, shape, or protrusion and there is a beard or growing hair on it should you see a doctor.
There are many “uninvited guests” that can come in every stage of a baby’s development. Parents do not worry too much, but only understand them and handle it depending on the situation!
Treatment of birthmarks in a newborn
Depending on the type, birthmarks have different treatments.
For types of pigmentation birthmarks:
Usually left alone, except for the mole. When your baby gets older, if you want to remove large moles, parents need to bring your baby to a dermatologist for appropriate measures such as surgery or laser.
For types of birthmarks:
Most don’t need treatment, birthmarks will fade and disappear over time. Some birthmarks can be treated for relief. Less red wine and vascular tumors will shrink until the baby is about 9 years old. Larger vascular tumors will be treated with steroids.
Help your child deal with birthmarks on the skin
Parents and relatives may be worried when they see birthmarks appear on the skin when the baby is born. However, if she knows which birthmark is a birthmark, she will stop worrying and can explain to the people around her whenever someone stared at the child’s birthmark.
As your child is a little older, the visible birthmarks on the face, arms, and neck will make them hesitate to communicate with friends. Parents, grandparents are the people who play an important role in encouraging and helping children understand that birthmarks will fade and disappear when children go to school. If they do not go away on their own, those birthmarks are also harmless and it’s a unique sign that almost every one of you has.