Anorexia is an increasingly common situation in children, forcing children to eat passively and stress is not effective in addressing anorexia in children. Instead, adjust the diet, activities, and psychology for children to eat in an active and comfortable condition.
Anorexia in young children – no small effect
Anorexia ”is the general term for difficulties in feeding a child. Anorexia can be refusing to eat, eating too little, abnormal eating habits such as eating only one type of food, eating long, vomiting when eating … Depending on the locality, the rate of anorexia children accounts for 30-50% .
Anorexia leads to not providing enough energy and nutrients for the body to meet in children of all ages, especially in the 1-6 year old age … Anorexia has many different manifestations: children eat less than usual, keep food in your mouth for a long time, do not swallow, refuse to eat some foods such as meat, fish, eggs, milk, vegetables, fruits … or refuse to eat all kinds of food, run hide when they come to the meal, hear the soup of a spoon or bowl, or see that the food responds to nausea or the parent refuses to eat but others feed him …
Anorexia causes the body not to receive the full range of nutrients and micronutrients necessary for development, prolonged anorexia in children can cause serious, long-term effects on the physical and mental development. , the intellect and the health of the child.
Physical: when anorexia is not sufficient to meet the daily needs of the body, limiting the growth process of the body, making the child’s weight and height unable to meet The standard grows with age. In addition, anorexia is also the cause of micronutrient deficiency such as: vitamin A causes eye dryness, visual impairment, iron deficiency causes anemia, calcium deficiency causes rickets … The nutritional deficiency in the golden period The development of children also seriously affects the physical condition and stature of children in adulthood.
Intellect: nutrition is one of the determinants of children’s intelligence (genetics, nutrition, learning and exercise). Scientific studies show that, when 1 year old, the baby’s brain size was 70% of the adult brain size (about 900gr – 1,000gr) and began to clearly record the surrounding world through everyday. By the age of 2-3, the brain is about 80% complete (about 1,200gr – 1,300gr) compared to the adult brain (about 1,400gr). Anorexia leads to a deficiency of the nutritional components needed for brain development such as unsaturated fatty acids (omega 3-6-9), iron, Taurine, Cholin … can leave serious consequences for the brain. Baby’s intellectual development.
Immune system of the child: when nutrition is provided into the body, it will be prioritized for use to maintain living activities, then provide for the development of the body as well as the immune system. Anorexia causes a lack of nutrition, insufficient raw materials to provide the immune system to make children more susceptible to digestive, respiratory, pneumonia, and diarrhea diseases … When children are sick, they are more likely to suffer from anorexia that forms a vicious cycle of anorexia – malnutrition – disease – anorexia – malnutrition …
Develop children’s emotional intelligence: meals are not only a process of providing nutrition for the body but also a behavioral activity, helping children learn, improve skills and communicate. Through meal activities, attention and conversation also contribute to the development of emotional intelligence, behavior adjustment, discipline training for the future development of children.
Let children eat – don’t force them to eat
Eating is a complex interactive activity that includes interactions between people (children with feeders), people with animals (children with food), people and surroundings (in which conditions the child eats) … Therefore, whether a child eats well or anorexia is determined by many factors, finding the right cause and overcoming will improve the child’s anorexia, help children regain their balance of eating, self-feeding, craving. Eating, actively eating and demanding food is a more effective and lasting solution than forcing a child to eat in a stressful, passive state.
– Children with infections, oral diseases, chronic diseases, gastrointestinal pathology reduce cravings as well as cause pain when feeding or chewing food.
– Due to nutrition: Unbalanced food composition leads to micronutrient deficiency. The way of preparing food is not suitable for your age, taste, not diverse in the way of processing, and early use of shavings for children.
– Causes related to young behaviors and feeding behavior.
+ Some children do not eat to “oppose”, “attract attention, care” with their parents.
+ Children lose the feeling of eating: some mistakes of parents such as feeding children sweets, snacks or milk before meals, eating too many junk food during the day also make children lose feeling hungry and from there leading to children not wanting to eat, not to eat, to eat less at the main meal.
+ Forcing children to eat: after recovering from illness, or recovering from teething, if the child has not had a good appetite again, he will be force-fed by an adult, or he will be busy playing while the adult presses for time. so in the meals, children are scolded, even beaten, making them afraid of meals, just hearing or seeing bowls of flour, rice bowls is turning children away, older children run away, many children keep seeing Bowl of flour is crying, nausea.
+ Abuse TV, phone, tablet electronics to treat anorexia or let children play by themselves. The feeding while watching the phone again makes children increasingly anorexia. Babies do not feel the taste of food like, no acts of self-feeding and are very passive in every meal. Children are also not aware that, what they are eating. Eating without moderation and enough nutrients will cause children to have one substance or another.
– Anorexia: children refuse to eat due to misconceptions about the body or due to psychological trauma, usually only seen in older children.
– Due to misperceptions about the child’s “anorexia”: the child develops normally, tastes good when eating, the child eats enough according to the needs but not the wishes of parents.
Each child’s anorexia can be caused by many different causes. Therefore, each parent needs to observe and investigate to identify the right cause for their child’s problems, seek nutrition and psychological experts for appropriate counseling and support measures.