Most children with gingivitis (gums) are under 3 years old, due to the lack of attention and attention given to oral hygiene by parents. The weather turns to summer when bacteria proliferate with poor oral hygiene, which are the reasons why this disease is raging. Children swollen gums, bleeding teeth.
The gums are the soft system that surrounds the root. Gingivitis is when an infection occurs in this software system and does not affect the periodontal system such as periodontal ligament, alveolar bone and tooth root cement.
When inflamed, the gums will be painful, swollen, turning from pale pink to reddish-gray, soft gray. The gum surface becomes dull, smooth. Gums bleed easily when brushing or examining, and worsening may cause spontaneous bleeding.
Oral hygiene is a way to help your baby avoid gingivitis
Children are teething, gums become more vulnerable and sensitive than usual, so they are also more prone to inflammation. The main cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene, leading to the accumulation of dirt and bacteria around the teeth, especially in the gum slot. In addition, there are other causes such as poor nutrition, fever because of a general illness, and taking anti-epileptic drugs.
When gingivitis, parents should not buy medicine on their own. Self-treatment often does not cure the root of the disease, but causes the disease to last longer. Parents should let their baby see a doctor to avoid future treatment that will be more difficult and possibly lead to periodontitis.
Depending on the condition of the disease, the doctor will apply topical treatment with oral antiseptic solutions or may combine oral antibiotics, vitamin PP and vitamin C.
How to prevent disease
When the child is 3 years old, it is necessary to guide the child how to brush their teeth properly, practice for the child the habit of oral hygiene after eating. Children should be examined for tartar (tartar) periodically once every 3 months. Filling and orthodontic teeth if there is any deviation and treatment of cause diseases if any.
If your baby is under 3 years old, parents should use gauze wrapped in their index finger soaked in cool cooked water, and rub their teeth and gums after feeding or nursing. Note, this movement must be done gently to avoid damaging the oral mucosa and avoid making the baby nauseous.