Most children with gingivitis (gums) are under 3 years old, because parents do not pay proper attention to oral hygiene. In the summer, the bacteria proliferate with poor oral hygiene, which is the reason why this disease is booming. Children swollen gums, bleeding teeth.
Gums are software systems that surround the root. Gingivitis is when an infection occurs in this software system and does not affect the periodontal system such as periodontal ligament, alveolar bone and dental root cement.
When inflamed, the gums will become sore and swollen, turning from light pink to blush or bluish-gray. The surface of the gums becomes dull, smooth and orange. Gums that bleed easily when brushing or examining, worse can cause spontaneous bleeding.
Children are teething stage, gums become more vulnerable and sensitive than usual should also be more susceptible to inflammation. The main cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene, which leads to the accumulation of dirt and bacteria around the teeth, especially in the gums. In addition, there are other causes such as poor nutritional status, children with fever due to systemic illness, and anti-epileptic drugs.
When gum disease, parents should not buy medication to treat. The arbitrary cure often does not cure the root of the disease but makes the dull lingering. Parents should send their baby to a doctor to avoid treatment later will be more difficult and can lead to periodontitis.
Depending on the situation, the doctor will apply topical treatment with oral antiseptic solutions or possibly a combination of oral antibiotics, vitamin PP and vitamin C.
How to prevent disease
When children are 3 years old, it is necessary to guide them how to brush their teeth properly, to practice giving them good oral hygiene habits after eating. Children should be examined for tartar (tartar) periodically every 3 months. Fillings and orthodontics if there is a mistake and treat the underlying cause if any.
If your child is under 3 years old, parents should use gauze wrapped in his index finger dipped in ripe water to cool, rub his teeth and gums after feeding or breastfeeding. Note, this action must be done gently to avoid causing damage to the oral mucosa and avoid nausea.