The effect of folic acid on pregnant women is important during pregnancy. Therefore, when pregnant, mothers need to supplement a lot of different nutrients, especially folic acid. Folic acid is extremely important for both mother and fetus. So, what is the effect of folic acid on pregnant women?
What is folic acid? Effects of folic acid on the fetus
Folic acid or another name is vitamin B9. This group of vitamins is soluble in water. Therefore, folic acid is quite safe for the body. It does not accumulate in cells long term, is not toxic to organs. Excess folic acid will be excreted from the body in the urine.
Folic acid is very important in the development of the fetus from the early days. The perfection of the neural tube, spine, brain of the fetus is influenced by this substance. Pregnant women are fortified with appropriate folic acid, which will significantly reduce neural tube defects and other related diseases.
Folic acid is supplemented not only during pregnancy but also before pregnancy. Specialist doctors recommend taking folic acid supplements before 3 to 6 months of conception. This helps children develop most perfectly.
The effect of folic acid on pregnant women
Folic acid is one of the B-vitamins, and plays an important role in the production of blood cells and the development of neural tubes. Folic acid deficiency will seriously affect the health of pregnant women and the normal development of the fetus.
If folic acid deficiency, pregnant women may have giant red blood cells, preeclampsia, hemorrhage, fetal malnutrition, high risk of miscarriage, premature birth, low birth weight. When the mother’s body is deficient in folic acid, the fetus will be vulnerable to neural tube defects, affecting the health and future of the child.
The neural tube is the foundation for developing a complete nervous system for babies, including the brain, skull, spinal cord and spine. A fetus not getting enough folic acid will cause birth defects such as hydrocephalus, spina bifida, heart defects, paralysis of the limbs, cleft palate, cleft palate and even death.
When to take folic acid supplements for pregnant women?
The fetal neural tube develops very early, in the third week of pregnancy, at which time the mother does not know she was pregnant. Therefore, according to the doctors, if you plan to become pregnant, you should take folic acid supplements at least before 3 months when you are planning to get pregnant with folic acid-rich foods and folic acid supplements.
The supplement of folic acid for pregnant women from time to time is as follows: The period of preparation for pregnancy is 400 mcg / day; during pregnancy 600 mcg / day; while breastfeeding is 500 mcg / day. Particularly for mothers with children with birth defects such as spina bifida, a partial brain shortage, if planning to have more children, you should consult your doctor before taking folic acid supplements.
According to a survey of the World Health Organization and the Vietnam Institute of Nutrition, more than 50% of Vietnamese women of reproductive age with folic acid levels below the optimal threshold can prevent neural tube defects. Menstrual period. Thus, 1 in 2 women is at risk of having a baby with a neural tube defect and that person could be anyone. Therefore, if you are planning to have a baby, pregnant women need to take folic acid right away to protect the health of the baby best.
What are the maternal manifestations of folic acid deficiency?
Manifestations of folic acid manifestation are unclear and nonspecific. Therefore, it is difficult to identify through observation or feel of the mother himself.
Some manifestations of folic acid deficiency include:
– Easy to get angry, tired
– Bluish, lightheaded, blurred vision, anemia
– Weight loss, thinning, exhaustion.
– Shortness of breath, headache
What to eat to get enough folic acid?
Food sources of folic acid are cereals. One dollar of cereals like: instant cereal, rice, bread, rice noodles, … is rich in folic acid. In this food, folic acid can be absorbed non-toxic. Thanks to this cereal, you can easily get folic acid through every meal.
– Dark green vegetables: Cauliflower, spinach (also called spinach, spinach), asparagus, sprouts, cabbage are the best folic acid supplements for pregnant women.
– Legumes: Soybean, black bean, green bean, red bean or soy product such as tofu, soy milk is rich in folic acid.
– Fruit: Oranges and avocados are rich in folic acid, good for pregnant women. On the other hand, high-fiber oranges help reduce constipation and vitamin C increases iron absorption. Avocados are high in omega-3 fats, which are good for the mother’s heart and brain.
– Whole grains: Brown rice, corn, oats, wheat are indispensable dishes if pregnant women want to be provided with adequate folic acid. Cereal is also rich in fiber, good for pregnant women.
– Egg yolk: Egg yolk is rich in folic acid, vitamin A, vitamin D which is necessary for pregnant women and fetuses.
Everyday foods are rich in folic acid, but folic acid is a water-soluble vitamin that is easily lost during cooking. Therefore, pregnant women get folic acid from food is not enough, but need to supplement from other sources such as folic acid supplements.