Rickets in children is common in the newborn period until under 3 years old. The main reason is due to lack of Vitamin D, which leads to the body not getting enough calcium and phosphorus necessary for comprehensive development. Many mothers now misunderstand rickets as malnutrition. However, plump babies can still get rickets.
What is rickets?
Rickets is a common disease among children, especially children under 3 years old. In the long term, the disease can cause bone deformity, dental defects, epilepsy, or even death due to infections.
The nature of rickets is a deficiency of vitamin D from the sun and daily nutrition. The body therefore absorbs calcium & phosphorus, which affects bone growth. Babies born prematurely, twins, not breastfed, overweight or born in the winter are also more likely to develop rickets than others.
Other malnourished horns (stunting)
When children are malnourished, their bodies are stunted, their body indexes are lower than their peers. At this time, children may have rickets or not. In contrast, more chubby, full-sized babies who demand more calcium and phosphorus are not meeting the higher likelihood of rickets.
Malnourished children are often tired, inactive, fussy, anorexia, sleepless, or sick, crawling slowly, walking, growing slowly. The most common manifestations of nutrient deficiency are systemic edema, skin pigmentation disorders, bluish anemia, pale mucous membranes, skin degradation, hair, nails, rickets, calcium deficiency, stunting, dryness. cornea, night blindness, …
Meanwhile, rickets often fussy, sleeplessness, or startled, sweating when sleeping. After the nape of the neck begins hair loss to form a donut. Bones have manifestations such as broad fontanel, soft fontanel, long fontanous fontaness, with apical tumors, goiter (prominent forehead), and catfish’s flat head. Severe rickets also have sequelae such as ribs, chicken breasts, ankles, wrists, X-shaped, O-shaped curved legs. In addition, there are also manifestations such as slowing teeth, tonicity. smooth muscle, constipation, sluggishness, crawling, walking, standing …
How to treat rickets scientifically for your baby
In fact, preventing and treating rickets for children is not as difficult as many mothers think.
During pregnancy, mothers should sunbathe by walking outdoors to receive vitamin D. Eat enough food to prevent premature birth, fetal malnutrition. After birth, babies need to be breastfed immediately and try to breastfeed exclusively for the first 6 months, from 6 months and up to start complementary feeding. Pay attention to adding grease, greens, doing “coloring bowl of flour” to make children enjoy eating.
Sunlight is one of the most effective and inexpensive solutions. Just 15 – 30 minutes before 9am each day, preferably in the early morning. Mothers can expose each part of their body and expose them to direct sunlight. This process will help the baby’s body synthesize vitamin D to regulate metabolism and absorption of calcium and phosphorus.
In addition, if there is no sunlight, the mother may consider giving her an electric bath at the physiotherapy department in hospitals. At the same time, supplement vitamin D according to the instructions of the pediatrician through supplements or foods rich in calcium, vitamin D3, vitamin K2 …