During the first month, babies are getting used to the big world and you get used to taking care of your baby’s needs. Here are some of the changes you see in your baby’s first month. It is important to remember that premature babies will not follow the exact time, will follow the delivery date, not the baby’s birth. Babies born before one month may take another month to catch up with other babies.
Don’t worry if your baby is underweight in the first days of life. Babies are born with a fluid covering their body and usually lose 10% of their birth weight before becoming stable and starting to gain weight. At the age of two weeks old, your baby will reach birth weight and will gain weight rapidly in the first month – about 14 grams to 28 grams a day. The doctor will check your baby’s weight gain along with a growth chart to make sure the baby is growing at a moderate pace.
The newborn’s nervous system is still mature, but your baby can perform many actions in the first month. You will see your baby being born with some innate reflexes like sucking. Soon after birth, the baby will be able (with a little help from you) to hold on to the nipple to suck. If you put your finger inside the palm of your baby, your baby will hold his hand again. If startled, the baby will quickly bring his arms and legs out and then return to normal, called the Moro reflex. Even at 1 month of age, babies have a walking instinct. If your baby’s foot is placed on a solid surface and holds his body, he can move a few steps.
A 1-month-old baby may turn around while lying down, but the neck is still not strong enough to support the head when standing upright, so place your hands under the baby’s head when lifting them up.
For the first few weeks, it seems that babies just want to sleep. In fact, babies sleep 15-16 hours a day and the time may be erratic because they haven’t adjusted their normal day and night cycles. You can help your baby adjust by limiting activities to daytime and keeping things quiet and dark at night. Finally, your baby will know that the hint is to play during the day and night to sleep.
Also, the 1-month-old baby’s sleep cycle is very different from you. Unlike adults, babies sleep with rapid eye movement (REM sleep) rather than deep sleep without eye movement (non-REM sleep), which means that babies are more likely to wake up during the first weeks. .
Babies are born with very blurred vision, nearsightedness and the most visible objects are about 20cm to 30cm. That means the baby sees the mother’s face while breastfeeding and in fact they will prefer to look at you more than stuffed animals because they are naturally attracted to the human face. Children prefer high-contrast objects because they are easier to see.
You may notice a 1-month-old’s eyes squint when trying to focus. It is normal, because the ability of the infant to control the eyes is not fully developed. However, if the problem persists after three or four months, see your pediatrician because it could be a sign of squint.
Although hearing is not fully developed, babies can recognize sounds – especially the voices of parents because they have heard this sound in the womb. They especially like high-pitched sounds; Therefore, it should not be too uncomfortable when the mother-in-law uses a high-pitched voice to talk to the newborn baby. If your baby doesn’t seem to be responding to all sounds, get them to the doctor.
Like many older children and adults, children love the sweetness. Taste is not mature enough to distinguish bitter and sour. They have a well-developed sense of smell, have been able to pick out the fragrance of the nipple and breast milk in the first days of life.
During the first month, babies will breastfeed 8 to 12 times a day (about every 2-3 hours). Bottle-fed babies may only need to eat 6 to 8 times. You will know as soon as your baby is hungry because he will start to move his head back and forth, look for the nipple, or open his mouth as soon as you touch his cheek. Babies who eat enough will seem satisfied and may even fall asleep. Signs of a baby eating well are wet diapers 4-6 times a day.
A one month old baby will have a way of communicating by crying. Babies will cry up to three hours a day (don’t panic, this will decrease over time). Crying is the way your child says, “Hungry – wants to eat ‘.'” Wet diapers, “or” Tired “.” Eventually, you will start to know why babies cry and discover the best ways to calm them. . Some babies cry too much may be due to abdominal pain or medical problems, so call your doctor if you do not relieve the crying.
Tips for mothers in the first month of baby:
Baby likes to be touched. Make skin to skin contact, for example by holding and shaking or massaging gently. It will make babies feel comforted and loved.
Move your baby’s feet with a cycling motion in minutes. This exercise easily helps the muscles prepare for crawling and walking.