Symptoms and causes of eye bruising

1. Bầm tím mắt là gì?
Bầm tím mắt là tình trạng bầm tím của mô dưới da quanh mắt. Hầu hết các vết bầm tím thường nhẹ và biến mất sau 1-2 tuần.

Tuy nhiên, trong một số trường hợp, đôi mắt thâm tím có thể là dấu hiệu cảnh báo chấn thương mắt hoặc não nghiêm trọng.

2. Triệu chứng bầm tím mắt

Các dấu hiệu và triệu chứng bầm tím là gì?
Nếu bạn bị chấn thương quanh mắt, khu vực này sẽ sưng lên. Khi sưng lan rộng, màu da sẽ thay đổi. Đầu tiên là màu đỏ, sau đó dần dần chuyển sang màu xanh đậm, tím và có thể là màu đen.

Bạn cũng có thể bị đau liên tục tại vị trí chấn thương hoặc chỉ đau khi chạm vào vết thương.

Mắt cũng có thể xuất hiện những vệt đỏ (chảy máu dưới kết mạc) và thường sẽ hết sau 2-3 tuần.

In a few days, the swelling will subside and the color of the bruise will fade.

Vision problems, often blurred vision, can also occur.

Eye bruises usually disappear after 1-2 weeks without treatment.

When should you see a doctor?
In some cases, bruising of the eyes may be related to serious trauma that requires medical treatment.

For head injuries, doctors need to make sure there are no problems with skull fractures or blood clots that affect other important structures, like the eyes. In addition, they also need to make sure there is no swelling and bleeding in the brain.

Get medical help right away if you have the following symptoms:

  • Nose or ear bleed
  • Bleeding in the eye or unable to move the eye
  • Bruising in both eyes. This is often associated with a skull fracture
  • Loss of consciousness at the time of occurrence or after the accident
  • Seizures or vomiting

You should also see a doctor if you have:

  • Vision problems for a long time
  • Song thi
  • The feeling of something in the eye
  • Difficult to move eyes
  • Headache lasts more than 2 days

3. Causes of eye bruising

What causes eye bruising?
Eyes can be bruised when a strong force hits the face, be it a ball, fist, door or other hard object.

You may also bruise after some type of dental or cosmetic surgery. The bruise may last for a few days.

Bruising around both eyes may be related to a skull crack or other type of head injury. At this time, the patient must be rescued promptly.

4. Diagnosis and treatment
The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. Always consult a physician.

What medical techniques are used to diagnose eye bruising?
When you see a doctor, they will check for bruises and ask you about related issues, as well as other injuries. The doctor also uses a flashlight to illuminate your eyes.

If the doctor suspects a skull fracture, he or she will order a CT and head x-ray. If you suspect the cause of the bruise is due to an eye injury, they will apply special medicine to the eye to check for scratches.

What methods help treat bruises?
Usually, your doctor will order cold compresses or paracetamol to treat bruises.

If they suspect a more serious wound, for example, a fracture in the face, they will refer you to a specialist such as:

  • Surgeon if brain injury is suspected
  • Ophthalmologist if you have an eye injury
  • Ear, nose and throat doctor, plastic surgeon or other specialist if there is a serious facial or cut wound

Some home remedies for bruising:

  • Apply cold compresses. Applying cool compresses regularly for the first 24 hours will help reduce the temperature of the area around the eyes as soon as possible.
  • Apply heat. After a day or two, apply a warm compress to the bruising area to increase blood flow in this area, to help the bruise heal faster.
  • Eye massage. Gently massage the eyes to help activate the lymphatic system near the bruise and accelerate the healing process.
  • Add pineapple to the menu. This tropical fruit contains a mixture of enzymes that reduce inflammation and speed healing, which can help bruises disappear faster.
  • Take vitamin C. Vitamin C can speed up the healing of bruises.

5. Prevention

Làm thế nào để ngăn ngừa mắt thâm tím?
Để giảm nguy cơ bị bầm tím, luôn đeo kính an toàn và các thiết bị bảo vệ khác khi tham gia các hoạt động nguy hiểm, bao gồm chơi thể thao.

Khi tham gia giao thông, dây an toàn cũng rất cần thiết để giảm nguy cơ thâm tím mắt do tai nạn nhỏ.

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