Cystitis is an acute urinary tract infection. In most cases, the cause of cystitis is a urinary tract infection (UTI) that occurs when bacteria enter and grow in the bladder or urethra. However, cystitis is not always caused by an infection. Certain medicines and hygiene products can also cause inflammation. Treatment for cystitis depends on the cause. Most cases of cystitis are acute, occurring in the short term. Long-term cases of interstitial cystitis are likely to lead to chronic cystitis. Everyone is at risk, but cystitis occurs most often in women.
What are the symptoms of cystitis?
Symptoms of cystitis may include:
- Urinate often
- Feeling sad even though she has just finished urinating
- Cloudy or unpleasant odor
- Mild fever if accompanied by urinary tract infection
- Occurrence of blood in urine.
- Pain during sex
- A feeling of bladder compression or tension
- Tense your muscles in your abdomen or back.
If a bladder infection progresses to the kidneys, serious consequences can be caused. In addition to the above symptoms, symptoms of a kidney infection include:
- Nausea or vomiting, chills
- Back pain or side pain
- High fever or blood in the urine may appear.
Causes of cystitis:
Possible causes of cystitis include:
- Urinary tract infection (UTI)
- Take some medications
- Exposure to radiation
- Continuous use, long time urine catheter.
- Sanitary products cause irritation
Depending on the cause, there can be different types of cystitis:
Acute cystitis is an acute bacterial infection of the bladder. Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a case of chronic or prolonged cystitis that affects multiple layers of bladder tissue.
Both acute and interstitial cystitis have a range of causes such as:
Bacterial cystitis occurs when bacteria enter the urethra or bladder and cause infection or when bacteria in the body grow at a greater rate than normal.
Need to detect and treat bladder infection. If the infection spreads to the kidneys it can cause serious health problems.
Many drugs are excreted mainly through the urinary system. Certain medications can irritate the bladder and cause inflammation.
For example, the chemotherapy drugs cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide can cause cystitis.
Radiation therapy is used to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors, but it can also destroy healthy cells and tissues. Radiation treatment in the pelvic area can cause the bladder to become inflamed.
Cystitis caused by external factors
Continued use of a catheter of urine from the bladder can increase the risk of bacterial infection and damage to tissues in the urinary tract. Both bacteria and damaged tissues can cause inflammation.
Cystitis caused by chemical agents
Certain cleaning products and solutions can irritate your bladder. Products that can cause cystitis include:
- Use diaphragm with spermicide
- Female hygiene sprays
- Soap chemicals from the bath
Who is at risk for cystitis?
Cystitis is more common in women due to the shorter urethra. However, both men and women are at risk for this.
Women may be at a higher risk of developing cystitis if:
- Being sexually active
- Use diaphragm with spermicide
- Have gone through menopause
- Use irritating personal hygiene products.
- Men may be at a higher risk of cystitis if they have an enlarged prostate due to frequent fasting
Common risk factors for both sexes include:
- Current or recent urinary tract infection (UTI)
- Chemistry, radiation therapy
- Diabetes, kidney stones
- Use a urine catheter
- Spinal cord injury
- There are procedures that interfere with the flow of urine
- Diagnosis of cystitis
Your doctor may order a urine sample to test to determine the cause of your cystitis and check for a urinary tract infection.
Cystoscopy, or diagnostic imaging techniques such as X-rays or ultrasound, to determine the cause of your symptoms.
Treatment of cystitis
Antibiotics are a popular treatment for bacterial cystitis. Interstitial cystitis can also be treated with medication however, depending on the agent that causes the disease, a different prescription is prescribed by the doctor.
In cases where it is not possible to treat with drugs, or if there is a prolonged chronic inflammation, surgery may be the option of choice.
Home-care treatments can help relieve discomfort. The popular methods are:
Apply a warm compress to your stomach or back.
Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen
Change living habits such as: wearing comfortable clothes, underwear that is airy, absorbing sweat, drink plenty of water, avoiding foods or drinks that are suspected of causing irritation.
Tips after recovering cystitis
- Drink a lot of water
- Avoid caffeinated beverages, as this can cause bladder irritation
- Urinate as often as you feel like urinating
- Wear cotton underwear and loose clothing
- Women should wipe from front to back after having a bowel movement to prevent the spread of bacteria from the stool. In addition, a shower instead of a hose may also help. Make sure to gently wash the skin on the genital area. Urinate right after sex, drink enough fluids. Finally, avoid any cleaning products or solutions that irritate the genital area.