High blood pressure is a dangerous disease that affects about 1 billion people worldwide. Only with simple signs such as headache, dizziness, dizziness, nausea … if not monitored and treated promptly, there is a risk of dangerous complications such as stroke, myocardial infarction heart failure, heart failure, kidney failure, blindness.
Hypertension is also known as hypertension, or a state in which blood circulates with increasing pressure. A person is defined as hypertension when systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg or higher and / or diastolic pressure of 90 mmHg or more. It is the most common non-communicable disease in the world, with serious complications such as stroke and other cardiovascular diseases.
People at risk of high blood pressure
High blood pressure often presents with very complex symptoms and also varies depending on the person’s condition. Basically, they include headaches, dizziness, tinnitus, mild insomnia, dizziness. There are also patients with more intense symptoms, may be heart pain, vision loss, patients with shortness of breath, flushed face, pale, vomiting, nervousness, panic ….
Most often high blood pressure occurs more often with older people, the group of people suffering the most is in people aged 45 and older; overweight people; people using alcohol and tobacco; people eat more salt, less vegetables; people who are less physically active; People with chronic diseases like kidney disease, diabetes …
Also, in families with a history of hypertension, the risk of this disease is higher.
Hypertension has no characteristic signs. Symptoms are complex and severe, and vary depending on the person’s condition.
Common signs of high blood pressure
Signs of high blood pressure are varied. Normally, patients may have symptoms such as:
– Dizziness, headache.
– Insomnia, dizziness, ringing in the ears, lightheadedness.
– Shortness of breath, chest tightness, palpitations.
– Blush, nausea.
When you see the above signs, you need to quickly check blood pressure at home and go to the nearest health facility to check, identify the disease and timely treatment.
However, most people with high blood pressure have no symptoms and most don’t even know they have it. The above symptoms usually appear only when the disease has advanced. That’s why hypertension is also known as the ‘silent killer’.
When having high blood pressure, patients need to rest quietly, use antihypertensive drugs (such as: Captopril 25mg x 1 chewable tablet and keep it in the mouth …, can continue to use antihypertensive drugs during the day), use the sedatives (such as seduxen …) and quickly call emergency services to the nearest hospital.
Diagnosis and treatment of hypertension
Regular blood pressure check is the most important measure for early detection. People should regularly check their blood pressure through regular health checkups or health checkups at health facilities … Personal electronic blood pressure monitors are a tool It helps people who have high blood pressure and people at risk to regularly check their blood pressure status with family members.
Hypertension can be effectively prevented and maintained at an ideal level of 120/80 mmHg thanks to positive measures for healthy lifestyle changes:
– Maintain ideal weight with body mass index (BMI) from 18.5 to 22.9; try to maintain a waist circumference below 90 cm in men and less than 80 cm in women. Positive weight loss (if overweight).
– Limiting alcohol intake; Stop smoking or pipe tobacco completely.
– Avoid anxiety, nervous tension; need to pay attention to relaxation and reasonable rest; Avoid sudden cold.
Adjust your diet to prevent hypertension
When hypertension, patients need to adjust the diet daily to suit the condition to limit hypertension:
– Should eat 3 meals / day, should not snack. Avoid fried foods, limiting fat, especially animal fat. It is best to use steamed, boiled food.
– Eat lots of green fruits and vegetables to provide fiber for the body, use vegetable oil instead of fat … and products from cereals, fruits, dairy products …
– Of meats, fish is preferred, then poultry, finally beef, pork and sheep.
– Avoid stimulants such as tea, coffee, cigarettes …
– Limit salt intake, salt-dipping sauces, high-sodium foods such as dried shrimp, salted duck eggs, salted lemon, cotton meat …
-Increase physical activity, reduce obesity, people living in quiet need to exercise regularly in moderation such as brisk walking or swimming for 30-45 minutes, 3-4 times / week.
In addition, people with hypertension should be screened and detected early. In addition to applying the above positive lifestyle changes, patients should be monitored, managed long-term and treated according to physician’s instructions to reduce the risk of complications and to maintain maintain a reasonable blood pressure level.