Papaya is a tropical fruit familiar to every family. Besides being used for dessert, papaya is also processed into many delicious dishes, with many health benefits.
1. The nutritional value of papaya
Papaya is a fruit that glows bright orange like the tropical sun. Not only sweet but also high in nutrition, good for health. This is a natural source of vitamins and minerals necessary for the normal functioning of the body. Typically, fiber, vitamins A, C, E, beta carotene, folate, potassium, magnesium, calcium, carbohydrates, calories, …
Nutritional composition of papaya
When ripe, papaya contains 90% water, 13% sugar, no starch, many organic caretenoid acids, vitamins A, B, C, protein; 0.9% fat, cellulose; 0.5% calcium, magnesium and antioxidant proteins should work well for the cardiovascular system, preventing colon cancer.
Especially, papaya contains more beta carotene than other vegetables. Beta carotene is a precursor of vitamin A, which is converted into vitamin A. In 100g, ripe papaya contains 2,100 mcg of beta carotene and 74 – 80 mg of vitamin C. In India, people have extracted vitamin A from Papaya fruit to produce medicine to combat night blindness in children.
2. Healing effect with papaya
According to many studies, papaya has a good effect in preventing cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes, atherosclerosis, because papaya contains many antioxidants like vitamins C, E and A, these nutrients are effective in preventing cholesterol oxidation, limiting the platelets caused by cholesterol oxidation, which attaches to the walls of blood vessels, clogging blood vessels and preventing blood flow.
The vitamins E and C of the papaya combine to create a compound called paraoxonase, also known as an enzyme, that can inhibit the oxidation of bad cholesterol (LDL). In addition, papaya is also a fruit rich in fiber, so it works to reduce blood fat (cholessterol), particularly folic acid in papaya works to convert homocysteine into essential amino acids like cysteine or methionine. If not metabolized, homocysteine can cause direct damage to blood vessels, even if high, which can cause heart attack or stroke.
Improve digestive health
Eating papaya regularly will help detoxify the digestive system and prevent constipation. And just eat a piece of papaya and you also meet the amount of fiber necessary for the day, helping the body function normally. Moreover, the papain enzyme found in fruits does not alter the bacterial flora but only promote the breakdown of proteins. Thus your gut is better protected.
Papaya is an anti-inflammatory medicine
Papaya contains two important compounds called papain and chymopapain, which are two effective protein digest enzymes, which reduce inflammation and heal injuries. In addition, papaya contains high levels of vitamin C, E and betacarotene, so it is effective to prevent inflammation at the highest level, so people with asthma, rheumatism are often prescribed by doctors for nutrition. above.
Researchers have shown that papaya contains anti-cancer substances and helps prevent gallstones. So we can also eat papaya for the purpose of preventing cancer
Suitable for patients with diabetes
Papaya has a sweet taste, but studies have shown that patients with diabetes can feel secure when eating papaya without worrying about anything.
Provide important nutrients
Papaya is an excellent source of vitamins A, C, and E with antioxidant properties. Combined with minerals that support cell regeneration and help prevent the damage caused by free radicals. Specifically:
High content of vitamin A helps protect, enhance eyesight, prevent some eye diseases such as cataracts, macular degeneration, …
Vitamin C helps to increase immunity, prevent infection. Eating papaya regularly will help create a “barrier” to protect the body against bacteria and viruses that cause colds, flu and respiratory infections.
The fiber, potassium and vitamins in papaya work to improve heart health.
Prevent blood clots
Blood clots in the body can slow blood circulation and clog arteries. Even in some cases it can lead to heart attack or stroke. Papaya containing fibrin will reduce blood clots and improve blood flow effectively.
Papaya juice can be of great help to women who have irregular periods. Papayas are considered “hot food,” meaning they produce heat in the body. Excessive heat production stimulates estrogen hormones. This causes menstrual periods in women.
Strengthen lung function
Those who are addicted to smoking or living in an environment with smoke (passive smoking) should supplement foods rich in vitamin A, including papaya. According to a research of experts at the University of Kansas (USA), this is a nutrient that prevents lung infections and emphysema (enphysema) due to carcinogen compounds in cigarette smoke and benzopyrene in Tobacco smoke causes, it increases the risk of vitamin A deficiency in humans, especially in the elderly group.
Who should eat more papaya?
Papaya is a very healthy fruit, suitable for all families, especially those with stomach pain, irregular business women, who want to maintain a good physique, those who are suffering from diseases. joints, cardiovascular, … However, you should also eat a sufficient amount to avoid digestive disorders or skin discoloration.