Esophageal cancer has the 9th most common cancer rate in the world, 3rd place cancer of the gastrointestinal tract (after stomach cancer and colorectal cancer).
Esophageal cancer is difficult to detect early
Esophageal cancer is of two types: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. The disease is often difficult to recognize at an early stage, because its symptoms are the same as those commonly found in the esophagus and oropharynx. Only when the illness gets worse do the signs really show up.
According to statistics from the American Cancer Society, men have a 3 times higher risk of esophageal cancer than women and only less than 15% of cases are found in people under 55 years of age. However, this does not mean that esophageal cancer is only found in older men. The disease can be found at any age. In particular, the following people also have a higher risk of esophageal cancer than normal people:
– Chronic heartburn
– Have acid reflux disease
– Smoking cigarettes or being exposed to tobacco smoke for a long time
– Drink lots of alcohol
– Living and working in a polluted environment, exposed to many toxic chemicals.
Prevent esophageal cancer from daily meals
Eat foods rich in fiber, carotenoids, folate and vitamin C to prevent esophageal cancer. Limit your menu to be high in saturated fat and cholesterol as it increases your risk of disease.
– Adding lipids, olive oil to dishes will significantly reduce the risk of esophageal cancer.
Whole grains help reduce the risk of esophageal cancer because they contain many micronutrients.
Eating fish and white meat reduces the risk of squamous cell esophageal cancer, while red meat and processed meat increase the risk of both types of esophageal cancer.