High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a common chronic disease in the community. Especially the higher the age, the higher the rate of hypertension. Many elderly people suffer from life-threatening hypertension when the disease comes suddenly.
What is blood pressure?
The heart pumps blood to feed the body’s organs through blood vessel systems called arteries. For example, a water pump pushes water through pipes. When the heart is filled with blood, and flows within the blood vessels, the pressure of the blood entering the blood vessel walls creates a pressure called blood pressure. Blood pressure varies from time to time, and by the actions of the body. Lower blood pressure when we sleep, rest and higher when we mentally agitated, upset or while we exercise, play sports.
Why do elderly people often have high blood pressure?
Elderly or high blood pressure due to aging artery wall, reduced elasticity, arteries become more rigid, increased fat accumulation leading to arteriosclerosis, in addition to many other causes such as habitat, processing diet, neurological status, associated diseases (diabetes, gout …).
The cause of high blood pressure.
– Only 5 – 10% of the causes are caused, often due to other conditions: pregnancy, birth control pills, chronic kidney disease, aortic stenosis, Cushing’s syndrome, urinary tract obstruction , adrenal myeloma, primary aldosterone increase, renal arterial hypertension, sleep apnea, thyroid or parathyroid disease. In these cases, when the underlying disease is cured, blood pressure usually returns to normal.
– The remaining 90% cannot find a cause – idiopathic (called primary hypertension). Although the underlying cause is not known, a number of factors are known to contribute to high blood pressure.
– Age: The older you are, the more likely you are hypertension, especially systolic blood pressure, because the arteries become harder, caused by arteriosclerosis.
– Socio-economic status: Hypertension is more common among people with low education and socio-economic levels.
– Family history (hereditary): Hypertension tends to inherit according to the family.
– Gender: Usually men are more susceptible to hypertension than women. This varies by age and race
– Overweight (obesity): Obese people are at risk of hypertension 2 to 6 times higher than people who are within the normal weight limit.
– Sensitive to sodium (salt): Some people are sensitive to sodium (salt) so their blood pressure will increase if using salt. Reducing salt intake can lower blood pressure.
– Fast foods contain an exceptionally higher amount of sodium. Many over the counter (OTC), such as painkillers, can also contain large amounts of sodium. Read the label carefully to see how much sodium you are eating. Avoid foods that are high in sodium.
– Drinking alcohol: Drinking more than 1 or 2 glasses of wine a day can increase blood pressure for people sensitive to alcohol.
– Birth control pills (taken by mouth): Some women who use birth control pills may have High Blood Pressure.
– Do not exercise: Sitting in one place can cause obesity and hypertension.
Patients need to have a diet to lose weight if overweight, eat less salt, quit smoking, limit alcohol and stimulants; physical activity such as walking, swimming, practicing nourishment, tai chi … Should use drinking water with antihypertensive, sedative, diuretic effects such as lavender, lotus tea, refreshing tea, Boiled corn juice … The living, working and resting regime must be reasonable and ensure adequate sleep. Limit sleeping medications when not needed.