Cardiovascular disease occurs silently but has serious consequences for life. In recent years, the mortality rate due to cardiovascular diseases is increasing in developing countries, at least 1-2 people are at risk of cardiovascular disease. So what is cardiovascular disease? The earliest sign and how to prevent it?
1. What is cardiovascular disease?
Cardiovascular disease is a condition related to the health of the heart, the functioning of blood vessels that impair the ability of the heart to work. Cardiovascular diseases include: vascular diseases such as coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, arrhythmia and heart failure.
Cardiovascular disease causes stenosis, sclerosis and blockage of blood vessels, disrupting or not providing enough oxygen to the brain and other parts of the body. As a result, the organs stopped working, destroying each part leading to death.
Cardiovascular disease can occur at any age, gender, occupation. The disease cannot be completely cured, requires careful treatment (even lifelong), and is expensive.
2. Causes and symptoms of the disease
Cardiovascular disease is caused by many causes, especially in relation to daily routines, such as:
- Smoking cigarettes: Nicotine and carbon monoxide in cigarettes are the main cause of constriction of blood vessels and atherosclerosis.
- Diet high in salt, fat and cholesterol.
- Sedentary, physical activity and sports.
- Overweight and obesity.
- Prolonged stress can damage arteries and worsen other risk factors for heart disease.
- Hypercholesterolemia causes the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
- Hypertension can lead to hardening and thickening of the artery walls, narrowing blood vessels.
- Diabetes: Heart disease is a dangerous complication of diabetes.
- Advanced age increases your risk of artery stenosis, weakening or hypertrophy.
- Family factors (in the family someone has heart disease).
2.2. The earliest known symptoms
- Shortness of breath: appears slowly, increasing with exertion, especially when lying down.
- The feeling of being weighed in the chest, chest pain: is a common symptom of heart disease, but it also appears in other diseases such as respiratory, nerve.
- The body has water, face, feet are swollen: Symptoms of cardiovascular disease are usually edema, soft edema, signs starting from two feet accompanied by liver condition, venous neck.
- Constantly tired, exhausted: the body is tired, exhausted when performing daily activities. This is a sign of anemia to the heart, brain and lungs.
- Persistent cough, wheezing: The heart pumps in insufficient blood to supply the body with blood.
- Congestion in the lungs for a long time causes chronic cough, wheezing.
- Anorexia, nausea: The accumulation of fluid in the liver, digestive system makes patients anorexia and nausea.
- Night urination: People with heart failure will urinate often at night due to the displacement of water build up in the body causing edema in many parts to the kidneys through blood vessels.
- Tachycardia, irregular pulse: heart beating at a faster rate, palpitations or pounding beats.
- Rapid breathing, anxiety, sweating palms.
- Dizziness, fainting: is a common symptom when patients have arrhythmia, blood to the brain is interrupted.
3. Diagnosis and treatment of disease
The doctor will diagnose cardiovascular disease based on a family history of the disease; risk factors such as smoking, diabetes, obesity, stress …; physical tests, blood tests, x-rays.
In addition, some tests to diagnose cardiovascular disease include:
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
- ECG (ECG).
- Holter tracker.
- Echocardiography – Cardiac Doppler.
- Cardiac catheterization.
- Computerized tomography of the heart (CT scan).
Depending on the condition, the doctor will prescribe different treatments. Some commonly used methods, for example:
- Antibiotics are used for heart infections, and the types of heart disease control drugs depend on the type of heart disease the patient has.
- Lifestyle, diet, and lifestyle changes: in combination with some medications, patients need to follow a lifestyle, low-fat and sodium diet, do gentle, regular exercise, Keep away from cigarettes and alcohol.
- Medical techniques, cardiac surgery: When the medicine is not effectively treating the disease, the doctor will order the patient to do medical or cardiac surgery. Depending on the condition that the appropriate surgery.
4. Preventing cardiovascular disease effectively
Heart disease caused by deformities cannot be prevented. As with other types of cardiovascular disease, you can prevent it by:
- Monitor and control cholesterol levels in the blood.
- Control blood pressure, diabetes.
- No smoking, alcohol, harmful stimulants.
- Healthy diet, good for health.
- Keep weight always stable, avoid obesity.
- Exercise moderation sports.
- Get enough sleep, avoid stress.
- Periodic health checks to detect and screen disease early.