What is a herniated disk? Cause, symptoms, herniated disc can be cured?

One of the most common osteoarthritis diseases is a herniated disc. The disease both makes us feel uncomfortable and directly affects our health and daily activities. We should not be subjective when having this disease because you are at risk of serious complications if not treated completely.

1. What is a herniated disc?

Spinal disc herniation is a condition in which the fibrous mucous layer outside the disc spits out and presses on the spinal cord or nerve roots, causing pain that affects the spine and back of the spine. This is a very common disease among men in their 30s and 50s which greatly affects their daily life. Spinal disc herniation with varying degrees of manifestation at each stage:

Stage 1: Aneurysm / convex disc

The fiber is normal, but the mucous has a tendency to deform. This stage is often difficult to detect because of pain that is not obvious, so it is easy to be confused with common back pain.

Stage 2: Sa disk buffer

The fiber is weakened, the mucus core is still in the fiber. However, this stage begins to cause pinched nerves, so patients may experience severe back pain.

Stage 3: True herniated disc

The sack has been torn, the mucus escapes but remains a block together. They pinched nerves causing severe back pain, fatigue, sensory disorders, plant nerve disorders, movement, difficulty walking.

Stage 4: Disc herniation with fragments

When the hernia is large, the mucus nucleus separates from the mass, leading to serious complications and the risk of permanent hemiplegia.

2. Causes

Some of the main causes of a herniated disc are such as

  • Age: the passage of time causing bone aging is inevitable, so when aging appears, the disc will be worn down, joint cartilage will be seriously damaged. Long time when the compression on the disc is too big, it will tear the outer fiber and the mucus to escape causing herniated disc.
  • Living habits and job characteristics: Workers are required to stand and sit for too long in a position such as office workers, salespeople, counselors or heavy lifting workers. For a long time, the pressure on the back of the spine is weak, distorting the spine, and the fibrous outer sac of the disc is torn, causing the mucous layer in the disc to escape.
  • Congenital: For babies born in families with a history of hereditary disc herniation will be at risk of weak and susceptible spine.
  • Injury: In daily life, collisions such as accidents, fighting, high falls affect the spine, causing impact on the disc and tearing the outer fiber that causes disc herniation. cushion.
  • Overweight: Excessive weight increases the burden on the spine, directly affecting the lumbar disc, especially the lumbar disc.

3. Symptoms

When you have signs of pain in your neck or spine, you may have a herniated disc

Body aches and pains, especially in the back of the neck, neck and back of the spine. The pain will last longer and be stronger when the body is moving, walking a bit will make it hard to breathe, unable to walk. The limbs always feel numb both in the day and at night.

Sensory disorders: Often feel like the body is crawling, numbness like a needle, loss of sensation in areas of the body, sometimes hot and cold from the bone.

Muscle atrophy, weakness: When your body shows these signs, you have a herniated disc that is quite severe. Because the patient is afraid of pain and backward movement, the nerve roots are suppressed for a long time, resulting in difficult blood circulation, long-term inactive muscles will lead to muscle atrophy, arm and leg muscles weakness.

A herniated disc in the back of your spine will give you a dull, painful ache in the lumbar area that will drag down your hips, buttocks, feet, and toes, numb the area. . After getting worse, the muscle atrophy may become weak, weak leg muscles, hand muscles.

Spinal disc herniation in the cervical spine will give you discomfort in the neck and shoulders, then spread to the hands, wrists and fingers. Due to pinched nerve roots, it is difficult for blood to flow, causing dizziness, headache, dizziness, tinnitus, hypotension, sweating, and frequent severe chest pain.

4. Is the herniated disc dangerous?

The answer is yes! Disc hernias have potential complications that directly affect daily life:

Urination disorders: due to long-term pinched nerves affecting the patient incontinence, urinary retention.
Sciatica: A nerve that pulls straight from the neck to below the pinched hip, causing a sensation of pain that extends down the back of the thighs and feet.

Muscle atrophy: non-circulating blood leads to muscle atrophy, which directly affects the life and movement of the patient.

Due to long-term compression, there is a loss of sensation in the fingers, regardless of whether the male is hot or cold.

5. Can herniated disc be repaired?

Depending on the degree of disease status to know whether the disease can be cured. If the disease is in the early stages of 1, 2 and 3, it can be conservatively treated with traditional medicines, physical therapy and regular training. If the disease is severe, the doctor will order surgery to avoid muscle atrophy.

This type of disease is simple but requires the patient to have high perseverance in the treatment, not to be left out in the middle.

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