Pulmonary tuberculosis is a dangerous infectious disease, which can cause complications if not detected and treated promptly, even possibly leading to death. So what is tuberculosis? Is tuberculosis inherited? Let’s find out through the article below.
1. What is tuberculosis? Find out about tuberculosis today
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease, usually caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease is divided into two main forms: pulmonary tuberculosis and extrapulmonary tuberculosis.
In particular, tuberculosis accounts for more than 80% of cases of tuberculosis. Patients with sputum tests for tuberculosis bacteria are the source of infection for people in the lungs.
Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis has a low risk of infecting others, including many types such as tuberculous tuberculosis, lymph node tuberculosis, tuberculous tuberculosis, tuberculosis tuberculosis, tuberculosis of urinary-urinary system, intestinal tuberculosis, etc.
According to statistics, in 2015, 1.8 million people died of tuberculosis out of 10.4 million. The World Health Organization estimates that 9 million people get TB each year, and 3 million of these people do not receive medical treatment. Tuberculosis is also considered one of the top 3 causes of death for women aged 15-44.
2. Is tuberculosis inherited?
Besides what tuberculosis is, whether or not it is inherited is a problem many people wonder.
According to experts, tuberculosis itself is not inherited, but in some people with a gene sensitive to tuberculosis, it can be inherited. If a parent has these threads, it is sure to pass the infection on to their children.
To rule out this situation, you can go to the Genetic Institute for genetic testing to see if anyone has a gene sensitive to tuberculosis. If these genes are detected, special supervision should be made to the health of the child as well as measures to avoid infection. In particular, adequate tuberculosis vaccination and annual TB testing are required.
3. Some things to know about tuberculosis
Is tuberculosis dangerous?
Tuberculosis is caused by a bacterium that attacks and destroys body tissue. This is considered the 2nd most dangerous disease in the list of fatal infections in the world.
After being infected with TB, is the patient immune?
According to specialized doctors, after being infected with tuberculosis, the body will produce immunity, sometimes for life, but it does not harm other diseases. In many cases, people with tuberculosis along with other conditions such as diabetes and alcoholism will weaken the immune system. Accordingly, immunity has no effect on forms of TB.
How to avoid infection with tuberculosis?
To avoid the risk of spreading the disease, it is necessary to apply disinfection measures with supportive measures from the Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology. These items should be kept separately.
In addition, it is necessary to regularly check the accommodations and monitor the health of family members living with patients. People who are 14 years of age or older should get a TB skin test.
Has lung disease healed, is there a high risk of getting TB again?
Cases like this are not uncommon. There is a form of TB infection when the pneumonia process has been limited or cured. These bacteria do not enter the body and people do not have any unpleasant sensations, so not only is tuberculosis but even TB-like illnesses difficult to diagnose. The likelihood of recurrence in these patients is not higher but may be lower in others.
Can tuberculosis be transmitted via cow’s milk?
TB germs can be found in milk and in infected animal meat. These foods should be bought at stores of origin and have been quarantined. It should be noted should not eat meat salad because of the high risk of infection.
Above are some sharing about tuberculosis. The article hopes to have provided useful information, to help you understand what tuberculosis is as well as some things to know about this dangerous infectious disease.