Headaches are of two types: primary headache (pain with no signs of an associated disease) and secondary headache (headache caused by a specific disease).
1. Primary headache
Stress headache: the most common headache, about 90% of people suffer from it, especially in women. Patients often have pain on both sides of the head, feeling like a head is stuck from the temple or the occipital area, the neck area, can last for days with difficulty sleeping, headache increases with light or noise. Can use antidepressants, beta blockers or sedatives.
Migraine primary headache (migraine): 18% of women experience this headache after puberty, while that proportion in men is 6%. This is due to the dilated blood vessels in the skull and chemicals from surrounding nerve fibers.
Migraine primary headache occurs in the forehead, behind the eye sockets, on one side of the temple, persistent pain, often not diagnosed correctly because it is easy to mistake headaches for sinusitis, stress, etc. appear in individual episodes, moderate to severe pain about 4-72 hours if untreated accompanied by nausea or vomiting, fear of light or noise.
Migraine patients need to limit stress, avoid chocolate, cheese, alcohol, tobacco, coffee or birth control pills. Can use ergotamine group drugs to treat this headache symptoms. Prevention of calcium and serotonin inhibitors, beta blockers. Recent research shows that migraine sufferers are at increased risk of developing asthma.
Cluster headaches: often have unilateral headache and eye sockets, which is the least common primary headache but also the most severe, accounting for about 0.1% of the population. 85% of men have an average age of 20 – 30. The pain is about 30-60 minutes, begins 2-3 hours during sleep, occurs 4-6 times daily with watery eyes, stuffy nose. , drooping eyelids, sweating, runny nose, no nausea and vomiting … This type of headache is considered a periodic neurological disorder – often treated with corticosteroids, lithium, methysergid .. Antihistamines are not effective in treating this headache.
Headache due to muscle contraction or pressure headache: often aches around the eye sockets, temples and occipital areas, may be bilateral and symmetrical or specific to the occipital, forehead area. Dull pain, spasms, minor pain at first, worsening later, even nausea and vomiting. Patients often experience pain during daily stress or pain.
2. Secondary headache
Symptoms of secondary headache are also caused by Parkinson’s disease
Symptoms of secondary headache are common due to stop drinking coffee, sinusitis, ear infections, gingivitis, high blood pressure or more severe brain tumors, meningitis, traumatic brain injury.
Malignant hypertension, glaucoma also cause secondary headaches. Without specific treatment, temporal artery inflammation in the elderly is accompanied by fatigue, anemia and can lead to blindness or stroke.
Secondary headache symptoms are also caused by Parkinson’s disease; Myocardial ischemia due to coronary artery disease; The thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones or carbon monoxide poisoning (CO); due to estrogen drugs, antidepressants, calcium blockers in the treatment of hypertension …
In addition, brain cancer, including brain tumors and metastases from other places; Subdural hematomas after rupture of brain veins … are the causes of secondary headaches.
Reduce stress, insomnia, alcohol, beer, cigarettes, chocolate, fatty foods, MSG, hot spicy … to prevent headache symptoms.
Activities and moderate exercise, before going to bed and early in the morning should massage the forehead, temples, top of the head … help reduce symptoms of headaches markedly.