When you have a cosmetic allergy, you not only cannot look as beautiful as you want, but you also risk health problems. Cosmetic allergy is an unwanted reaction that occurs on the body by using a cosmetic product. Cosmetic allergy symptoms can vary from a mild skin reaction to other serious symptoms. Sometimes your skin will react instantly to cosmetics, but it can take several years for signs of an allergy.
You may be allergic to any products from hair care products, makeup to perfumes and lotions. Here you learn about signs of cosmetic allergies, ingredients that can cause irritation, how to prevent and how to handle cosmetic allergies!
Signs of cosmetic allergy
Some cosmetics can cause contact dermatitis (itchy skin, redness, rash …). There are two main types of dermatitis caused by cosmetic products:
Irritant contact dermatitis
Irritant contact dermatitis is an irritated and sensitive skin when exposed to certain cosmetic chemicals. This type of reaction develops rapidly, within minutes or hours of exposure. However, sometimes your skin may take days or weeks to develop symptoms.
Typically, irritated contact dermatitis can easily be mistaken for an allergic reaction, although there are some similar symptoms. This is because only your skin reacts to the composition, not the overall immune system. In other words, irritating contact dermatitis is a common condition that occurs on the part of your skin where you use cosmetics.
Allergic contact dermatitis
Allergic contact dermatitis is a condition in which the body has an allergic reaction to any ingredient in cosmetics. This type of allergic reaction is often severe and severe. This condition usually takes 12 hours to show the initial signs and gradually gets more pronounced in about 48 hours of exposure.
Compared to other parts of the body, your face is most exposed to cosmetics. That is why in most cases, symptoms appear primarily on the face. Some common symptoms of an allergic reaction include:
- Swelling of lips and tongue
- Throbbing sensation
- Red eyes, swelling and itching
- Hives and rash
- The skin is flaky, rough, or rough like sandpaper
- Red spots and spots appear on the skin
- Ingredients that stimulate cosmetic allergy
Ingredients in cosmetics that can cause you to have a cosmetic allergy include:
1. Aromatic substances
Not only perfumes, but even skin creams, serums, shampoos and other fragrant cosmetic products can cause skin allergies. People with an allergy to the scent may develop a rash, sneeze, wheeze or headache, or may even cause breathing problems. Even products labeled as fragrance-free often contain a bit of chemicals to overwhelm the ingredient odor and create a scent-free effect.
If you are allergic to scented products, switch to non-scented products or benign natural fragrance products.
Metal components such as zinc, cobalt, iron, lead, mercury and aluminum are widely used in cosmetics and personal care products such as nail polish, eyeliner, lipstick and even cream. brush teeth. Some people with sensitive skin may be allergic to these substances.
The best way is that you should switch to makeup using mineral ingredients and natural deodorants, avoiding cosmetics containing metal pigments. Also, before using any new product, apply it on your hands to check for reactions.
3. Cleaning agent
Sodium laureth sulfate and sodium lauryl sulfate are common detergents used in almost every cleaning product, such as shower gels, shampoos and baby soaps. These substances can cause skin irritation, dry skin and a rash. Therefore, you should carefully check the ingredients before use, and can try using organic soap, shampoo and shower gel.
4. Skin emollient
Emollients are not bad, because they really work for your skin. The problem is that not all emollients are suitable for all skin types. The most common emollients used in skin care and cosmetic products include cocoa butter, lanolin, isopropyl palmitate, isosterate, coconut butter and myristyl lactate. These emollients can cause acne, especially if you have acne-prone skin.
If you have oily and acne-prone skin, use a water-based and non-comedogenic foundation. This will moisturize the skin without causing acne.
5. Essential oils
Often the use of natural oils is one of the most effective and safe ways for skin. However, you may still be at risk of being allergic to natural ingredients. Today essential oils can be found in lotions, serums, cleansers, body scrubs and almost all skin care products.
Essential oils are good for people who can use them without harm. However, if you are allergic to essential oils, they can cause hives, dry skin, acne, redness and other allergic reactions.
6. Acids for facial skin
Acids used on the face can cause an initial reaction, usually not an allergic reaction. Acid can cause peeling, acne and dry skin. This is because facial acids, such as salicylic acid and retinol, promote collagen synthesis, which can disrupt the original skin structure.
It is best to consult a dermatologist before applying acid to your face. They are experts who can help you better understand your skin and how to react to products.
How to prevent cosmetic allergies
To prevent cosmetic allergies, you need to note some of the following issues:
• Avoiding cosmetic abuse: You should not expect the beauty effects to be advertised for a product that uses excessive amounts. This will cause the opposite effect on the skin.
• Check new cosmetics before use: You need to test the skin reaction before using cosmetics, especially new cosmetics first use. You can try the inner side arm for 24-48 hours. If you do not have allergies, you can use it on your face.
• Do not use inferior cosmetics: Prices often come with quality. You should not believe in cheap advertising to buy cosmetics of unknown origin and poor quality. This is to damage the skin, even making it irreversible.
• Note before use: You should wash your hands and face before applying makeup. At the same time preserve and keep hygiene of utensils carefully, do not share cosmetics with others, avoid sunlight and high temperatures.
Cosmetic allergies do?
The first and most basic thing you need to do if you suspect that you are allergic is to stop using the product. Once you stop using it, the irritation will subside. Mild reactions usually subside within a few hours and sometimes require no treatment.
However, if the allergic reaction is severe, consult a dermatologist immediately. They may prescribe topical or ointment to help resolve the problem. Your doctor may order tests to find the exact cause of the allergic reaction. It may also require you to stop using all products and then recommend other safer types for your skin.
The above information can hopefully help you better understand the signs of cosmetic allergies, ingredients that can cause irritation, and how to prevent and treat cosmetic allergies. Cosmetics only have external beauty effects, you need to combine inner beauty with nutrition and healthy habits. Do not overuse cosmetics, you can do beauty without beauty!